Honey

12 Pesticide Residues Found by the USDA Pesticide Data Program1,2,3

Human Health Effects:

2Known or Probable Carcinogens4
6Suspected Hormone Disruptors
2Neurotoxins
2 Developmental or Reproductive Toxins

Environmental Effects:

3 Honeybee Toxins5

Pesticide Residues Found in Honey:

What Pesticide? How Often is it Found?6 Conventional vs. Organic Toxicity7 Other Foods with this Pesticide
Coumaphos 31.9% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
2,4-dimethylphenyl formamide (2,4-DMPF) 13.2% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Fluvalinate 12.3% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Dicofol p,p' 5.8% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Piperonyl butoxide 1.8% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Azoxystrobin 0.5% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Vinclozolin 0.5% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Dicloran 0.4% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Methoxyfenozide 0.2% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Carbendazim (MBC) 0.2% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Permethrin Total 0.2% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods
Chlorpyrifos 0.2% Conventional
vs. Organic

Other Foods


Footnotes

1. Tests for any given food are often conducted in multiple years. In all cases WhatsOnMyFood shows only the most recent test year. The test results for Honey come from test year 2008.

2. All pesticide residue results on this page and elsewhere on the WhatsOnMyFood website were obtained by the United Stated Department of Agriculture (USDA) Pesticide Data Program (PDP)

3. Punzi, JS, Lamont, M, Haynes, D, Epstein, RL, USDA Pesticide Data Program: Pesticide Residues on Fresh and Processed Fruit and Vegetables, Grains, Meats, Milk, and Drinking Water, Outlooks on Pesticide Management, June, 2005. Available online

4. All toxicological data was either compiled for this site — typically from U.S. EPA reregistration eligibility decisions — or obtained from data compiled for the PesticideInfo website

5. Includes pesticides that are moderately acutely toxic, highly acutely toxic or chronically toxic to honeybees.

6. The percentage found is for all four of the following combinations combined: domestic or imported, and conventional or organic. To see data broken down into each of these combinations separately, click on "Conventional vs. Organic."

7. A pesticide residue may not be listed as carcinogenic, neurotoxic, hormone-disrupting or as a reproductive or developmental toxicant for either of two reasons: (1) it may have been studied for toxicity in one or more of these categories and the weight of the evidence did not support designating it as toxic, or (2) it may not have been studied.